A comprehensive and integrated approach to the role of magnetic resonance imaging mri of the brain in neonatology mri is becoming increasingly available to clinicians and has been shown to have major advantages over ultrasound as an aid to diagnosis. Methods such as mri are essential to establish links between the brain and behavioral changes in newborns and infants in this review article we aim to highlight recent and representative studies using the various techniques available anatomical mri quantitative mri relaxometry diffusion mri multiparametric approaches and functional mri today protocols use. The use of noninvasive neuroimaging methods such as magnetic resonance imaging mri has revolutionized our knowledge in this field over the past 20 years the objective of this review article is to highlight recent mri studies of the neonatal brain focusing on the main methodological challenges and on the main neuroscientific insights to our knowledge no review article has so far addressed these issues jointly for the different mri techniques available in newborns anatomical mri . Additional mri sequences which required less than 10 min of supplementary scanning time were performed on neonates with a gestational age between 38 and 45 weeks who had been referred for mri in cases in which the requested mri was a brain scan only those neonates diagnosed as healthy were incorporated into the study the imaging procedure was approved by the clinical research committee all studies were performed on a 15 t symphony scanner siemens erlangen germany using either a
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